Pension Scheme for Government Employees Retirement Benefits

Pension Scheme for Government Employees Retirement Benefits

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Pension Scheme for Government Employees Retirement Benefits

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  • Post last modified:November 3, 2023

A country’s pension system is to provide economic and social stability as a Pension Scheme for Government Employees. It gives retirement benefits by assisting them in meeting their everyday costs. The pension scheme benefits in India have evolved from the Old Pension Scheme (OPS) to the New Pension Scheme (NPS) with various Pension Scheme Benefits.

The Pension Fund Regulatory Development Authority (PFRDA) and the Central Government operate the National Pension Scheme (NPS) of India, which is a long-term retirement investment plan that provides subscribers with tax benefits and retirement benefits. It is a voluntary program that is highly recommended for people who want to guarantee their financial future. This article addresses the Government Employees Retirement Benefits and covers all topics under the Pension scheme for Government Employees.

Also Read: How to Handle Retirement Investment Smartly

What is the New Pension Scheme (NPS) for Government Employees?

The Ministry of Finance implemented the National Pension Scheme (NPS) as a required Pension Scheme Benefits for all civil service central government employees on January 1, 2004. The NPS is a defined contribution program that accumulates pension money over time until retirement. The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) oversees the scheme, which has two tiers: Tier I and Tier II.

Features of the National Pension Scheme (NPS) for Government Employees

The National Pension Scheme for Government Employees differs from the NPS for other citizens in a few ways. Here are some of the retirement benefits of the National Pension Scheme for Government Employees:

Features Details
Compulsory for Recruits
  • Newly appointed personnel in the central government must undergo a course on National Pension System (NPS), except for those serving in the Armed Forces who joined before January 1, 2004. 
  • Optional participation in the National Pension Scheme for government employees.
Tiered structure
  • Tier I Account: This is the primary account that every member must have.


  • Account at Tier II:


  • Account registration is optional


  • Only available if you have a Tier I account.
Contribution to NPS
  • Employee and government jointly make contributions to worker’s NPS account:
  • Employee Contribution: 10% of basic salary plus Dearness Allowance
  • The government contributes 14% of the basic Salary + Dearness Allowance) to the Tier I account.
Investment options
  • There are two investing options:
  • Active Choice
  • Automatic Choice
Tax Benefits
  • Section 80C: Tax deduction for donations up to Rs. 1.5 lakh under the Act of Income Tax 1961.
  • Section 80CCD(1B) of the Income Tax Act of 1961 allows for an additional tax deduction of up to Rs. 50,000.
Annuity Options
  • When they retire, the Government Employees Pension Scheme can take a lump amount of up to 40% of their capital.
  • With the remaining 60%, purchase an annuity plan from an insurance firm.
Additional Tax Benefits
  • Section 80CCD(2) of the IT Act provides for an additional tax advantage of up to 10% of (Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance).
  • Over the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C
  • Employees of the government can move their NPS account from one sector to another or from one area to another.

Retirement Benefits to Government Employees under the National Pension Scheme (NPS)

The New Pension Scheme benefits offer a variety of retirement benefits, which encompasses

  Features Details
1. Pension Benefits
  • Minimum Pension: A monthly pension of at least Rs. 9,000 plus Dearness Allowance.
  • A pension equal to 50% of the latest withdrawal emoluments
  • Maximum pension: Rs. 1.25 lakh per month plus Dearness Allowance
2. Family Pension
  • Family members of deceased government employees can receive a monthly pension of 30% of basic pay plus Dearness Allowance.
  • Only one family member can receive the pension, except in specific instances.
  • The monthly pension amount is Rs. 9,000 in addition to the Dearness Allowance.
3. Commutation of Pension
  • You can convert up to 40% of your pension corpus to a lump sum payout.
4. Death Gratuity
  • This benefit is available to the spouse or designated individual of a dead government employee, regardless of duration of service.
5. Service Gratuity
  • If you have between 5 and 10 years of government service,
  • Pension corpus payout in a single lump amount
6. Retirement Gratuity
  • Up to Rs. 20 lakhs (of January 1, 2016)


  • If you have served in the government for more than ten years,


  • There is no set minimum quantity.
7. Dearness Relief on Pension
  • Inflationary reduction in the form of dearness relief.
  • The Ministry of Finance (Government of India) decides on compensation.
  • There is no upper limit on dearness allowance.

Old Pension Scheme Vs. New Pension Scheme

Pension Scheme Benefits and retirement benefits are computed and administered differently under the Old and New Pension scheme benefits for central government workers. Here are some key distinctions:

Particulars Old Pension Scheme New Pension scheme
Pension Calculation
  • The computation appropriately represents the employee’s most recent salary as well as the length of their employment.
  • The calculation is based on the amount present in the NPS account of the employee.
  • Both employees and the government make contributions to the pension program, with each party contributing a certain percentage of the employee’s pay.
  • Employees put 10% of their base pay and Dearness Allowance into their NPS account. The government contributes 14% of an employee’s NPS account, which includes the employee’s basic income and Dearness Allowance.
Investment Options
  • The government was responsible for the pension fund’s investment selection and management.
  • Employees can select between two investing alternatives based on their risk tolerance: Active Choice and Auto Choice.
Tax Benefits
  • Section 80C allows for tax deductions of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs.
  • The same tax benefits of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs are available under Section 80C.
Additional tax benefits
  • There are no further tax breaks.
  • Additional tax advantages of up to 10% of (base pay + DA) are available under Section 80CCD(2) of the Income Tax Act of 1961

Eligibility Criteria to Avail of New Pension Scheme for Government Employees

The following pensioners are eligible to receive retirement benefits under the new pension program for government employees Government Employees Pension Scheme:

  • Employees of the Central Government
  • Who joined the government after January 1, 2004

Exclusions of New Pension Scheme for Government Employees

  • Employees of the Armed Forces
  • The old pension scheme benefits were extended to Central Government employees (covered by NPS) in the case of death or dismissal due to invalidation/disability.

National Pension Scheme (NPS) Calculator

Do you know about the National Pension Scheme (NPS) calculator? It’s a useful tool that allows you to estimate how much money you’ll get as a Government Employees Pension Scheme benefits after retirement depending on your NPS investment. The calculator considers numerous aspects, including your investment amount, return on investment, retirement benefits, and age. Try it out if you want to prepare ahead for a financially secure retirement!

The NPS calculator provides an estimate of retirement benefits, but the actual results can vary due to factors including the performance of investment assets, market circumstances at the time, and the age at which you plan retirement.

Benefits of National Pension Scheme (NPS) 

Here are some of the most important NPS perks for government employees:

1. Tax Advantages

Contributions to an NPS account made by government workers are tax deductible under Sections 80C and 80 CCD(2) of the Income Tax Act of 1961.

2. Flexibility

NPS workers’ retirement benefits are very flexible, allowing them to select investment solutions that best meet their risk tolerance and investing goals.

3. Portable

One of the pension scheme benefits is that it’s portable Even if they change employment or relocate, portable government employees can continue to contribute to their NPS account retirement benefits.

4. Transparent

Government workers may monitor the success of their NPS account with frequent reports on contributions made, corpus accumulated, and returns earned.

5. Retirement Advantages

Government workers can take up to 40% of their accumulated capital as a lump sum and the other sixty percent can be used for buying the best annuity program when they retire. The annuity acquired will provide the employee with a regular pension income as Government Employees Retirement Benefits. 

6. Low Cost

National pension scheme benefits have retirement benefits as a low-cost program since the costs are modest in comparison to other retirement savings systems.


To provide financial stability and a peaceful retirement, the Indian government offers a variety of retirement benefits to its employees. These perks not only help employees live comfortably, but they additionally assist their families financially. Some of the retirement benefits provided by the Indian government to its employees include the pension system, gratuity, provident fund, employee deposit-connected insurance program, and leave encashment.

Pension Scheme for Government Employees Retirement Benefits – FAQS

What is the new 2023 pension scheme?

Ans. In 2004, the National Pension Program (NPS) was made as a new pension program for all central government employees. In India, this is a voluntary defined Government Employees Pension Scheme governed by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA).

How much do government employees receive in retirement?

Ans. If you choose to retire under the Rules and have completed 10 years of qualifying service, you can calculate pension at 50% of your final pay or average emoluments.

What is the government’s retirement plan scheme?

Ans. The National Pension System (NPS) is a retirement savings and investment program developed by the Government of India to provide security to Indian people as they grow older.

What is the maximum government pension that an employee may receive?

Ans. The sum of Government Employees Pension Scheme benefits is one-quarter of the emoluments for each completed six-month term of qualifying service, and it cannot exceed 16.5 times the emoluments.

Who is eligible for the new pension plan?

Ans. To open an NPS account, you must be an Indian citizen or an Overseas Citizen of India between the ages of 18 and 70. Apply online using PoP/PoP-SP or e-NPS, Then you can avail all the pension scheme benefits under the Government Employees Pension Scheme.

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